Liposuction is a process where the fat tissue or adipose tissue is sucked out permanently using a vacuum instrument. The fat removal is achieved when the incision tip of the vacuum instrument is inserted into the area ear-marked for fat removal. Through the cannula and the tube thereon, the fat is drained by the vacuum instrument.
Who can get liposuction?
Liposuction can be performed on any patients who are within 30% of their ideal weight. BMI calculation is employed to ascertain their ideal weight and the within 30% ideal weight factor. Their skin needs to be firm and not sagging due to severe obesity. The patient should preferably be a non-smoker as smoking increases the risks associated with liposuction.
People who are classified as severely or very severely obese cannot go under liposuction. Because people who are severely obese have co-morbid conditions or secondary diseases associated with obesity. Liposuction is a simple fat draining solution and does not offer any reprieve from their co-morbid conditions. Also since their skin is not firm and elastic, they are not ideal candidates for liposuction.
It is always better to consult a cosmetic surgeon before ascertaining if you are fit or not for liposuction. After studying your medical condition, medical history, BMI, what you are allergic to, and other things, your plastic surgeon would ascertain if you can undergo liposuction.
Risks associated with liposuction
It has to be borne in mind that liposuction is also a surgical procedure like any other surgeries and it too has minimal risks associated with it. Some of the risks associated with liposuction are bleeding, complications from anaesthesia, infections, uneven fat removal, and numbness to the skin. There are also other serious complications like fat embolism (fat pieces blocking the blood vessels), damage to nerves, etc. These are complications that can occur in any surgeries. A very well experienced cosmetic surgeon can reduce the risks associated with liposuction with his knowledge and experienced hand.